Facts About Homosexuality and Mental Health. Modern attitudes toward homosexuality have religious, legal, and medical underpinnings. Before the High Middle Ages, homosexual acts appear to have been tolerated or ignored by the Christian church throughout Europe.
His books landed with the subtlety of hand grenades, featuring such seminal titles as The Interpretation of DreamsThe Psychopathology of Everyday Lifeand his Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis Arrested development. Death wishes.
Maybe psychoanalysis and Queer Theory 1 are not as different as it seems. Both investigate questions of identification, of subject formation, of adopting a specific gender, and both are dealing with the complexity of sexuality and desire. A collapse is a fall, a downfall, a breakdown, a failure.
Image provided courtesy of www. Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis and had a profound influence on psychology and psychiatry, among other fields. He is considered one of the most influential modern thinkers.
Sigmund Freud's views on homosexuality have been described as deterministic, whereas he would ascribe biological and psychological factors in explaining the principal causes of homosexuality. Freud believed that humans are born with unfocused sexual libidinal drivesand therefore argued that homosexuality might be a deviation from this. Nevertheless, he also felt that certain deeply rooted forms of homosexuality were difficult or impossible to change.
Freud was one of the first to infer that mental disorders could be a result of individual history, and not just physical impairment. Freud developed a complete theory of personality, composed of an interplay between psychic structures and incidents within psychosexual stages of development. Freud sparked the psychological revolution and personally trained the second generation of psychoanalysts.
Donna Stewart, M. In his theory of psychosexual developmentFreud suggested that during the phallic stage around ages 3 to 5 years young girls distance themselves from their mothers and instead devote their affections to their fathers. According to Freud, this occurs when a girl realizes that she has no penis.
In this last section, Freud sums up the principal points of "On Narcissism" and speculates on some of their implications for an understanding of human society. He recapitulates his discussions of the formation of the ego and the ideal egothe role of narcissism in love, sexual relationships, and self-conceptand concludes by reflecting on how his proposed model of narcissism can inform our understanding of group psychology. The Formation of the Ego According to Freud, we are not born with an ego; our sense of "having a self" evolves during infancy and early childhood. That evolution entails the disruption of primary narcissism brought about by the creation of the ideal ego, which in turn is brought about by intrusions from the outside--in most cases, from parental proscriptions and expectations.
The editors, Ronnie C. Lesser, PhD, co-editor of Disorienting Sexualities: Psychoanalytic Reappraisals of Sexual Identity and Erica Schoenberg, PhD, are analysts widely known for their influential work highlighting queer, gay and lesbian perspectives. Echoing Freud in her Introduction, Lesser tells us that the inspiration for this volume is the disregard this case has suffered throughout the history of psychoanalytic discourse as well as the marginalization of lesbians in the broader cultural milieu.
In developing his theory of male sexual preference, Freud asserted that heterosexual as well as homosexual preferences required explanation, that neither could be assumed to be innate. His theory of the oedipal complex, however, held that the heterosexual outcome was the "normal" resolution, while the homosexual outcome represented arrested sexual development. In the normal resolution the boy identifies as a male with the father, gives up the mother as a love object, and later substitutes another woman of his choice for the mother.